We have moved to self-presence.in

Dear readers of philosophical.live,

recently we have created the new website self-presence.in and transferred all the articles there. Also, we published a new article Ten Days to Silence. We encourage you to go to the new site where you will have a better reading experience. This site will be closed in January 2019.

See you at self-presence.in

https://self-presence.in/ten-days-to-silence/
https://self-presence.in/ten-days-to-silence/

Loneliness, personality and society

Born into society, we reflect through it on ourselves. The role of an ideal community is to make us independent so that we can make our decisions. But we make choices among people; hence, due to our need for society, loneliness does not feel well for we are devoid of meaningful communication. Thus, to understand loneliness we need to look into communication, society (people with whom you need to communicate) and personality (who you are among people).

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Knox Bertie A Woman
The picture is kindly provided by Knox Bertie

Personality

On the one hand, being-alone (I see the term being-alone as a positive experience and loneliness as negative. Though, these are just abstractions of the whole alteration) lets us think. A forced being alone or loneliness, on the other hand, may be dangerous for a person – one may feel that she is not being valued by others, which may lead, as a result, to depression and low self-esteem. We estimate ourselves on the opinion of others, that is, we test our actions through reactions. If the test is not directed and conscious, it is blind and mostly useless; no deductions are made, the same mistakes are repeated, and, consequently, dependency will not be reduced. Independence is a gradual process coming out of dependence; one who becomes independent creates her own stability and validation of values based on the knowledge it continually receives. Consequently, one develops her personality. Continue reading “Loneliness, personality and society”

The Value of Simplicity and Order

If one wants to achieve concentration, productivity, and stability in one’s endeavours, then one should consider simplicity and order in daily life. Less distraction in every area results in better efficiency. Heightened focusing is needed especially if one’s undertakings are intellectual (not to be confused with curiosity that continually seeks for new items to touch the very surface of them, and looks for something else; an intellectual approach disregards all else to grasp one subject). However, a transparent life is also required to grow practically and morally, where morality means nothing else but a proper direction of will towards the right and beneficial for all things. The best option is the unity of mind and action that can be called an intellectual life.

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Alex Strohl Watching the sun
The picture is kindly provided by Alex Strohl

Areas of life

We have just a handful of areas that make up our daily lives: education, communication (speech and relationships; information and its acquisition), work, consumption, and health (nutrition, sport, and rest). This division, if still incomplete, can show where we should look at to structure our existence. It often happens that people either careless in these areas and follow the instinct (that is, non-reflected experience) or too arduous; and usually, we have a disorder in some part and a complication in the rest.

Below are possible fitting attitudes to each area and examples of going awry: Continue reading “The Value of Simplicity and Order”

Time Deconstructed. Part 2. Augustine: Extension of the Mind

In part 1 we analysed the ethical or practical take on time of the Stoic philosopher Seneca. He characterised it as the only possession man can have. Time appeared to be the place of the dispersal of human life. But what is time? Do we perceive it passively as something external?

The most profound things are the most common – they make us wonder when we stop receiving them and attempt to perceive. Time is one of them. Everyday life greatly depends on a notion of time and its application. The notion comes from everyday experience, but it should be refined in order be able to contemplate over profound questions.

We will examine in the article how Augustine reconstructs the way the concept of time appeared out of human experience. One can say that eventually he does not give a definition of time, yet, as we believe, he intimates what that is, and also shows the activity of consciousness with its three acts in the construction with the prominent role of memory as that which makes time extended.

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Alex Strohl Back to my favourite place in Vancouver
The picture is kindly provided by Alex Strohl

Augustine: Extension of the Mind

Phenomenal consciousness does not know that in everyday activity it operates within the universal called ‘time.’ Time appears to it as an object (an image of a line where the point of the present is ever moving further). It takes the division into the past, present, and future for granted, as if it discovered it by chance. However, the negative point that has ever disappearing moments in itself is a universal, that is, the now. Consciousness needs to give the now an extension to speak comprehensively about it. When the extension is provided, where and by which time will be measured if it proved itself to be, in experience, only a disappearing point? To answer all these questions, Augustine reconsiders the givens. Continue reading “Time Deconstructed. Part 2. Augustine: Extension of the Mind”

Time Deconstructed. Part 1. Seneca: Saving Time

In these series we would like to present how time can be thought of in philosophy – that is, time reflected out and through man’s experience and then put back into the experience to transform or modify it. If time is viewed as an objective essence beyond all consciousness, then we deal with a scientific view, which is not the purpose here.

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Alex Strohl Alone in the water
The picture is kindly provided by Alex Strohl

Seneca: Saving time 

The first reflection upon the nature of time should begin with the acknowledgement of the shortage of human life. It cannot be yet profound, and instead, it shows that people have only finite time at their disposal. As obvious it seems, the lack of such awareness is evident in a person who acts as if though he were prepared to exist forever. In other words, he does not attach any value to time or squanders it. Do not jump to the conclusion that the purpose of awareness is to rouse a person from sleep to the full potential of life and to fill the latter with excitement. For a philosopher, and especially the one we are going to talk about, the life void of proper thinking would be even worse than day-to-day reality of opinions. As an example, we are taking a stoic who, by the very nature of Stoicism, places value only on the life of the mind.
Continue reading “Time Deconstructed. Part 1. Seneca: Saving Time”

Solitude and Silence

Solitude and silence can be very rewarding things if you learn how to use them. Those practising meditation know how hard it is to stop the constant chatter of the mind. There is nothing wrong with having thoughts, but having too many thoughts can be exhausting and contaminating for vision. Bombarded with dozens of images within just a minute, you seem to have no privilege to stop the flow of appearance and rethink your attitude to it, but to live on your terms is to be able to re-direct that flow. Your picture has to be more explicit. The ideal state, however, should be conceptual thought instead of merely organised representation (picture-thinking).

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Steven Herteleer Dreams
The picture is kindly provided by Steven Herteleer

The closest goal of meditation is to dismiss any particular picture-thought and to regard it from aside (not to be lead by an emotion resulting from a picture). The task of solitude and silence is in going over all images, which your memory delivers every single moment, devouring them, and finally, ridding of them for good. The process consists of not letting to enter new information into your mind and silencing whatever unnecessary you already have. The more time you spend alone, the more you develop minimal reflection helping to get a clearer picture of who you are and your state of affairs.

Continue reading “Solitude and Silence”

On Happiness

We can surely say that happiness either exist or does not exist. Philosophically treated, happiness either the life of wisdom (Stoics’ definition) or the ideal of imagination (Kant’s definition). Not choosing any side prematurely, we should at least go with Kant against the conventional image of happiness as the pile of things quenching all the physical need of the man.

Living through external, ever in the quest for wealth, honor, and sensual pleasure (Spinoza’s three types of affects), people are running into the abyss of non-being. To find a way out, we should reconsider our concept of knowledge and its practical aspects. Knowledge is not a dead thing that only applies onto externals. It is the most useful thing (if the word thing can be used here at all), which can lead us to the sanest life. And that life with the unity of thinking and action we could call the genuine happiness.